Friday, April 5, 2013

With Roger Ebert Gone, The Most Influential Movie Critic Today Is: Bosley Crowther



By Lars Trodson

There were four movie reviewers I paid attention to in the 1970s and 80s: Michael Janusonis, because he wrote for my local paper, the Providence Journal; Pauline Kael of The New Yorker and Roger Ebert and Gene Siskel. I think the other famous movie reviewers of the time were Gene Shalit and Judith Crist, but they were on a much, much lesser scale than those other four – at least to me. Now there are a million movie reviewers and nobody knows who they are. This may have more to do with the state of movies than the quality of the writing — movies are no longer at the center of our cultural zeitgeist.  Roger Ebert had been around long enough to see the ebb and flow of cinema’s significance, and he, in the end, may have had more influence on American culture than do the actual movies themselves.

It didn't start out that way. Ebert was a self-taught scholar of film, and he wrote abut film with an encyclopedic knowledge of what had come before. He knew his history, and he knew about the people who made the movies.

He was about the last critic of any significance to have actually seen the movies made by the lions of the new cinema when they were first released – Coppola, Scorcese, Woody Allen, Brian DePalma, Speilberg, Monte Hellman and others, as well as European filmmakers such as Pier Paolo Pasolini, Bernardo Bertollucci, Truffaut, and Goddard.


He was also working when some of the old masters were still making films: John Huston, Billy Wilder, Kurosawa were busy even in the last stages of their careers. Hell, even Orson Welles was trying to get movies made in the 1970s and 80s.

Now it’s all franchises and tentpoles and we hear about them through fresh-faced kids on the internet who gush breathlessly about them in more of a marketing way than a critical way. This is what is passing for criticism now: marketing ploys.

“The Hunger Games” may be hugely popular, but does anybody remember what was written about it? Can anyone cite a review of “Skyfall” that was referenced or had an impact on how anyone felt about the movie.? Not even the movie critics from The New York Times swayed anybody’s mind on that front. Critics have lost their bite and, in a way, their purpose.

With Ebert now gone, I think the most influential critic today is someone who has long faded in the past, but whose career arc sends chills through anyone reviewing movies on the current scene. That’s Bosley Crowther, the late, lamented reviewer of the Times. Crowther was famously let go from his job after missing the boat on “Bonnie & Clyde” in 1967. He didn't  like it, and the paper thought he was out of touch. It is his ghost that hovers over everyone now, because no one wants to seem past their prime.

Ebert was hired right at the same time Crowther got the boot – and he probably got his job at the Chicago Sun-Times because of his age: Ebert was generationally, at 24, more attuned to what was going on with the young filmmakers than the generation of reviewers that had grown up on John Wayne and John Ford.

Today, when I read the reviews of older white men praising Lena Dunham’s “Girls”, a show I do not get and am probably not supposed to get, you can feel the presence of Crowther in the room. There’s a desperation to stay relevant: I’m not an old white guy! I like “Girls”! When I read the reviews of Peter Travers in Rolling Stone and see how coarse his language has become, I hear Crowther, too. Travers is saying: I can use the language of the young people! Don’t fire me yet!

The result of all this is that you may get a positive review of a movie that the critic actually did not like. Because to say that you didn't like one of the “Twilight” movies is to scream out that you may be past your prime.

Roger Ebert, God bless him, lived a good span, saw many things, and did many interesting things in his life. He seemed to have found love in both his personal life and in his profession. In the end, when he embraced his cancer, he transcended from being someone merely famous to someone approaching heroic.

But with his passing, you may have truly seen the last of any movie critic that mattered, who helped define the movies and how you felt about them. But old Bosley Crowther will live on, hovering over every movie reviewer writing today who wants to stay in the game.

Lars Trodson is the author of two novels, "Eagles Fly Alone" (http://amzn.to/1uRsL0E) and "Tide Turning." (http://amzn.to/1v38X9O)